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How Do Black Holes Really Work?
Because of their enormously dense centers, or singularities, black holes are huge pits of gravity that distort space-time. When a star dies, it swiftly falls inward. The starbursts into a supernova as it collapses, causing a catastrophic outflow of its outer material.
The dying star proceeds to fall until it is reduced to a singularity, which has no volume and infinite density. A black hole forms as a result of this seemingly insurmountable paradox.
The new singularity’s enormous density draws everything toward it, including space-time. In its most fundamental form, space-time is the union of space and time as a four-dimensional continuum.
So, how does it behave if you bend it? If you were to get up and personal with a black hole, you’d notice that time moves quite differently than it does on Earth. Singularity would be like putting a marble in the middle of a suspended flat plane of Silly Putty if space-time were a suspended flat plane of Silly Putty.
The marble would substantially bend the plane downward, lengthening any interaction with the plane toward the marble. The same phenomenon happens when you’re near a black hole, albeit the distortion is a little more extreme.
Time begins to slow dramatically at the event horizon, or the edge of a black hole. The farther you go into a black hole, the more time becomes twisted. Some theories even claim that if you survive the initial plunge into a black hole, the interior will generate simultaneous pictures of the future and the past, which is in line with the multiverse hypothesis of the cosmos.
While this is an intriguing concept and undoubtedly the source of many sci-fi favorites due to black holes’ inaccessibility, there is currently no way to verify it. However, it is widely understood that, due to a black hole’s distortion of the space-time continuum, time flows far more slowly near the event horizon’s base.
Black holes are difficult to locate, but if you did find one and entered it, you would realize that it is lethal. The high gravitational attraction from the singularity pulls at varying speeds based on where you are in relation to the center, which can cause “spaghettification” in any item caught inside. Spaghettification, as the name implies, lengthens the thing in question to make it resemble spaghetti.
Although many scientists are establishing the connection between singularities and the big bang hypothesis, which claims that our universe blasted into existence from what may have been a singularity, we may never be able to verify exactly what happens inside black holes.