Heart Failure: Relevant factors and clinical outcome

Relevant factors and clinical outcome

Heart failure which is also commonly referred to as a “heart attack” is caused because of clogged arteries which restrict the heart’s capability to pump blood for effective circulation in the entire body. Heart failure damages the effective functioning of the heart and is usually a permanent condition. According to estimates around 900,000 people in the United Kingdom have heart failures, and about the same numbers of people have damaged hearts without any outward or obvious symptoms. Most people who suffer from “heart failure” in the United Kingdom is because of “coronary thrombosis” or coronary heart diseases (CHD) because of such ailments as hypertension, diabetes and abnormal heart rhythm.

Heart disease follows the route to deterioration with intervallic and serious reparation. Patients suffering from heart failure become quite ill and extremely distraught because of extra fluid which requires hospitalization with a very high death rate in the period immediately after hospitalization and a volatile course in the later stages. Prospects for survival are quite poor and are greater than those caused by breast or prostate cancer. The death rate for patients suffering from heart failure and related heart diseases is in the region of 10% to 50% depending on the seriousness of the attack and unexpected death usually, occurs from irregular heartbeat.

Approx 40% people who suffer from heart failure die within the 1st year of the attack, and subsequently are reduced to 10% per year. Heart failure is currently a cause for hospitalization which accounts for around 25% admissions in cardiology departments.  There have been major advances in the treatment and approach to heart diseases through the use of drugs (pharmacotherapy) which has produced a dramatic reduction in mortality rates for patients with heart failure during the last 15 years, a lot still must be done to improve patient well-being and hospitalization along with the mortality rate

There are several contributory factors for heart failure which include: hypertension, diabetes, anemia, and other coronary disorders. All these factors have important implications regarding consequences and diagnosis. There are several reasons for heart failures, some can be controlled but some are completely uncontrollable. A person’s age and gender are uncontrollable risk factors for heart diseases along with family history of heart disease, post menopausal and sometimes race. Studies have proved that sometimes “race is a contributory factor for heart failures. Controllable risk factors include smoking, cholesterol, high blood pressure, physical inactivity, obesity, diabetes and uncontrolled anger and stress


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